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This happens at any time when addition of the fleeting "weak nuclear force" to the ever-present electrostatic repulsion exceeds the binding energy required to hold the nucleus together.

Very careful measurements in laboratories, made on VERY LARGE numbers of U-235 atoms, have shown that each of the atoms has a chance of decaying during about 704,000,000 years.

Principle of cross-cutting relations: Any geologic feature is younger than anything else that it cuts across.

Some elements have forms (called isotopes) with unstable atomic nuclei that have a tendency to change, or decay.

If the nucleus has not yet decayed, there is always that same, slight chance that it will change in the near future.