Besides the following major Chinese texts, many others use both graphic variants of xian. " Cloud Chief said, "Heavenly Master, it has been hard indeed for me to meet with you—I beg one word of instruction! Smash your form and body, spit out hearing and eyesight, forget you are a thing among other things, and you may join in great unity with the deep and boundless.
Xian (仙) occurs in the Chunqiu Fanlu, Fengsu Tongyi, Qian fu lun, Fayan, and Shenjian; xian (僊) occurs in the Caizhong langji, Fengsu Tongyi, Guanzi, and Shenjian. Undo the mind, slough off spirit, be blank and soulless, and the ten thousand things one by one will return to the root—return to the root and not know why.
When the world has the Way, he joins in the chorus with all other things.
When the world is without the Way, he nurses his Virtue and retires in leisure.
The oldest recorded xiān character 僊 has a xiān ("rise up; ascend") phonetic supposedly because immortals could "ascend into the heavens".