The city continued to flourish as the capital of the State of Gujarat for six centuries, up to the present.
One of the areas where they took up residence was the Swabian Jura in southern Germany.
Excavated from the 1860s, six caves have revealed items dating from 43,000 to 33,000 years ago.
It bears living testimony to the use of limited resources for survival in the desert.
Water is supplied to the city through a qanat system developed to draw underground water.
These archaeological sites feature some of the oldest figurative art worldwide and help shed light on the origins of human artistic development.