His brother Sekhemkare may have been younger and became vizier after the death of Menkaure. The ancient historian Manetho credits him with a rulership of 63 years, but this is surely an exaggeration. Egyptologists think that an 18-year rulership was meant to be written, which is generally accepted.The Turin Canon is damaged at the spot where it should present the full sum of years, but the remains allow a reconstruction of "..? A contemporary workmen's graffito reports about the "year after the 11th cattle count".Menkaure became famous for his tomb, the Pyramid of Menkaure, at Giza and his beautiful statue triads, showing the king together with his wives Rekhetre and Khamerernebty.
Khamerernebti is given the title King's Mother on the fragment.
In 1837, English army officer Richard William Howard Vyse, and engineer John Shae Perring began excavations within the pyramid of Menkaure.
Herodotus adds that he suffered much misfortune: his only daughter, whose corpse was interred in a wooden bull (which Herodotus claims survived to his lifetime), died before him; additionally, the oracle at Buto predicted he would only rule six years, but through his shrewdness, Menkaure was able to rule a total of 12 years and foil the prophecy (Herodotus, Histories, 2.129-133).
Menkaure was the subject of a poem by the nineteenth century English poet Matthew Arnold, entitled "Mycerinus".
It may be that Khamerernebti II was buried in one of the pyramids.