There are many recent immigrants from other countries in the European Union as well as many expatriates working in or around European Union institutions and NATO headquarters.The percentage of noncitizens in the population is high at 15 percent nationally and 28 percent in Brussels. The main languages are Dutch and French; they are also the joint official languages.Although German is also recognized as the third national language, it is not used frequently in the national administration.
Gallia Belgica was the Romans' name for the northern part of Gaul, the northern limit of their empire.
In early modern times, the name was used as an erudite synonym for the Low Countries.
It was later changed to a milder version that placed obedience to king and law on the same footing as liberty.
Symbols are more numerous and more powerful in the Flemish political culture than in the other parts of the country or the nation as a whole.
The presence of important Francophone minorities in some parts of Flanders has been the source of political conflicts and led in the 1980s to the resignation of several central governments. Political symbolism differs with the region and the sociopolitical environment.