The division of the country into British- and French-ruled League of Nations mandates after World War I created Anglophone and Francophone regions.
The English-speaking region consists of the Southwest and Northwest provinces, where Pidgin English (Wes Cos) is the lingua franca and English is taught in school.
Most of these chiefdoms have patrilineal or dual descent kinship systems, although some groups, such as the Kom, are matrilineal.
Polygyny and fertility are important cultural values, although this varies by wealth and education.
This name later was applied to the coastal area between Mount Cameroon and Rio Muni.