Regrettably however, although their intriguing observation about homeland security appears to have been an original insight, their latter findings were not new.
Not only would this tend to have a dampening effect on the number of suppliers in the market (since the market is dominated by a single contract and may not contain sufficient opportunities for competitors to remain in business without it), it would also tend to favor larger firms over smaller ones, since the larger firms would be more likely to have existing stocks of capital and equipment large enough to handle the single contract.
The murder rate in Chicago is one of the highest in the nation, but the differences between wealthy areas like Lincoln Park (where the median household income was reported at $68,613 in 1999) and poorer neighborhoods like West Garfield Park are buried in the statistics when the same police force and municipal government are assigned to them.
Smaller communities are by no means exempt from corruption, but it's much more rational to undertake criminal activity like collusion, bribes, and kickbacks when the payoffs are greater than when they involve much smaller rewards -- particularly when the criminal penalties are uniform across communities of different sizes.
Many metropolitan areas contain both cities and counties that provide similar or duplicate services.
introduced the compelling observation that police consolidation could have the potential to improve homeland security, an area of critical importance in the current environment for police first responders.